There are five species of rhinos—all of which are endangered. Here at the Caldwell Zoo, we have black rhinos. Black rhinos are primarily solitary while other species, such as white rhinos live in herds. These rhinos possess a prehensile lip, which allows them to pluck leaves off of bushes and shrubs of their choice.
Black rhinos rely on their sense of hearing and smell. Since they have poor vision they rely on warning calls from other animals and are sometimes seen charging trees and termite mounds. Their special horns are made of keratin, which is the material found in human fingernails and hair. Rhinos are heavily poached for their horns, which are used in traditional medicine in Asian countries and as a status symbol.
Habitat: African brush
Diet in the wild: Bushes and shrubs
Diet at Caldwell Zoo: Apples with vitamin E, carrots, sweet potato, mineral salt, clovite, alfalfa
Size: Weigh up to 3,000 lbs
Family: A baby rhino weighs 60-90 lbs at birth
Status: Critically Endangered
Did you know? A group of rhinos is commonly referred to as a crash