Only the males have horns, which are spiraled and can be up to 4.5 ft. long. Male kudus live by themselves or in a group of bachelors and often fight each other by interlocking their horns. Female kudus form herds of 6-20 individuals, consisting exclusively of females and their offspring. Breeding season varies based on the location of the herd’s home range, either occurring year-round or strictly during the rainy season. Males court the females by following them around, making low pitched calls, and “neck wrestling” with her. Females will attack any non-welcome suitors.
Habitat: Woodlands and thickets in southern Africa
Diet in the wild: Graze primarily on grass, leaves, and shoots
Diet at Caldwell Zoo: Sweet feed, Caldwell Zoo pellets, coastal hay
Size: Males weigh up to 750 pounds
Size: Stand 4 feet tall at the shoulder
Family: Newborns are left hiding in the brush for 4-5 weeks until they are strong enough to accompany mother (usually by 3 or 4 months old)
Status: Least Concern
Did you know? The coloring and striped pattern of the kudus’ coat helps them to camouflage well. When they are startled they will usually stand still, making it very difficult for predators to spot them.