This anaconda is rather cumbersome on land, but stealthy and sleek when in the water. Since this snake does spend most of its time in the water, its eyes and nostrils are located high on its head, thus allowing the anaconda to see and breathe as it lays in wait for its next meal.
Habitat: South America, east of the Andes Mountains. Prefers swamps, marshes and slow-moving streams/rivers.
Diet in the wild: Variety of prey including turtles, caiman, birds, and many mammals including deer and capybara, even jaguar from time to time
Diet at Caldwell Zoo: Large rats
Size: 20 feet long; 200+ pounds; diameter of 12 inches. Females are usually larger than males. This is the heaviest and longest snake species (there are some reports of individual reticulated pythons surpassing anaconda size). There are reliable reports of 30 foot anacondas weighing over 400 pounds.
Family: Solitary except during mating season. This snake is ovoviviparous (eggs are held within the female’s body until ready to hatch). After gestation of 6-7 months, 20-40 offspring are born. At birth the babies are about 2 feet long. As with most reptiles, there is no parental care.
Status: Not yet assessed by IUCN
Did you know? The green anaconda is also known as the water boa or common anaconda. The scientific name for this snake means “good swimmer” from the Greek and “mouse colored” from Latin.