Poison Dart Frog

The toxins of poison dart frogs are being studied for uses within the human medical community. The medicinal value includes pain killers, muscle relaxants, heart stimulants and even appetite suppressants.

Poison Dart Frog

Dendrobates

Habitat: Humid, tropical rainforests of Central and South America, usually near water.

Diet in the wild: Primarily eat insects

Diet at Caldwell Zoo: Snails, fish, fuzzy mice, crickets and superworms.

Size: ½-2½ inches long weighing about 1 ounce

Family: Eggs are laid in moist places and guarded by a parent or parents. When larvae hatch, parents carry the tadpoles to water—either a nearby stream or if the frog is arboreal, to water that is collected in plants, i.e. bromeliads, high in the trees.

Status: Status is dependent on species.

Did you know? Those beautiful bright colors of the poison dart frogs are a form of anti-camouflage warning predators to stay away. Generally, the brighter the color, the more toxic the frog. It is thought that the toxins are developed due to the diet of the frog since its primary diet consists of ants, mites, termites and centipedes. Only a few of the poison dart frog species are toxic enough to kill a human.

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