Texas Indigo Snake

Texas Indigo Snake

Drymarchon melanurus erebennus

Habitat: Sparsely vegetated areas near water from Texas into northern Mexico. Can also inhabit grasslands and even coastal sand dunes. The indigo snake will den up in burrows left by other animals.

Diet in the wild: Indigo snakes are snake-eaters, even eating rattlesnakes. Will also eat mammals, birds, reptiles and eggs—just about anything it can catch and swallow.

Diet at Caldwell Zoo: Rodents

Size: 6-8 feet long, making this snake one of the largest non-venomous snakes in the United States.

Family: 10-12 eggs are laid in the spring. The incubation period is about 2½ months with 2 foot long babies emerging. As with most reptiles, the youngsters have no parental care and know all they need to know when they hatch.

Status: Threatened in the state of Texas due mainly to loss of about 95% of their historic habitat. Roads and accidents with cars also take a toll.

Did you know? Generally, Texas farmers and ranchers consider the indigo snake helpful since it can kill rattlesnakes. Also, this snake is not aggressive, but will sometimes shake its tail as a warning even though it does not have rattles. Since the Texas indigo snake is a threatened species, it is protected by law making it illegal to harm, kill, collect or sell this snake.

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