Bald Eagle

A bald eagle is not only regal, but extraordinary. In addition to catching its own fish, the bald eagle will harass other birds in flight and force them to drop their catch which the eagle then retrieves in midair. This bird is perfectly built for hunting and fishing with eyes that are almost as large as a human’s but with sharpness at least 4 times that of a person with perfect vision. This eagle also has a lifting power of about 4 pounds which is helpful when carrying prey back to that large nest high up in the trees.

Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Habitat: North American shoreline forests

Diet in the wild: Primarily fish, small birds and mammals

Diet at Caldwell Zoo: Bird of prey diet, mackerel and rats

Size: Weigh 8-12 pounds with wingspan of 76-83 inches

Family: Juvenile bald eagles are a mixture of brown and white, reaching full maturity with the recognizable feathering at 4-5 years of age.

Status: Least Concern

Did you know? The largest known bald eagle nest (found in St. Petersburg, Florida) was 9.5 feet in diameter. The bald eagle has been our national emblem since 1782 when the Great Seal of the United States was adopted.

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