Canada Goose

The Canada goose is one of the best known birds in North America. Typically these birds spend the summer in northern North America and fly south when cold weather arrives, but because of the changing weather, settlement and farming patterns, many have altered their migrations. When the Canada geese migrate, they form the recognizable and aerodynamic “V-formation” and with a favorable wind can cover 1,500 miles in just 24 hours. Their migration formations are not only memorable for the sight but also the sound since the geese honk their way along known paths. This goose is very social and stays in flocks year-round, except when nesting.

Canada Goose

Branta Canadensis

Habitat: North American tundra and prairie grasslands

Diet in the wild: Grasses, roots, tubers, seeds and grains

Diet at Caldwell Zoo: Grains; also feeds on exhibit

Size: 22-43 inches long and weighing between 6.6 to 19.8 pounds

Family: Adults are herbivores, but goslings will eat insects

Status: Least Concern

Did you know? The Canada goose nests on the ground usually on a muskrat mound or slightly elevated site near water.

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