The Canada goose is one of the best known birds in North America. Typically these birds spend the summer in northern North America and fly south when cold weather arrives, but because of the changing weather, settlement and farming patterns, many have altered their migrations. When the Canada geese migrate, they form the recognizable and aerodynamic “V-formation” and with a favorable wind can cover 1,500 miles in just 24 hours. Their migration formations are not only memorable for the sight but also the sound since the geese honk their way along known paths. This goose is very social and stays in flocks year-round, except when nesting.
Habitat: North American tundra and prairie grasslands
Diet in the wild: Grasses, roots, tubers, seeds and grains
Diet at Caldwell Zoo: Grains; also feeds on exhibit
Size: 22-43 inches long and weighing between 6.6 to 19.8 pounds
Family: Adults are herbivores, but goslings will eat insects
Status: Least Concern
Did you know? The Canada goose nests on the ground usually on a muskrat mound or slightly elevated site near water.