Only the males have horns, which are spiraled and can be up to 4.5 ft. long. Male kudus live by themselves or in a group of bachelors and often fight each other by interlocking their horns. Female kudus form herds of 6-20 individuals, consisting exclusively of females and their offspring. Breeding season varies based on the location of the herd’s home range, either occurring year-round or strictly during the rainy season. Males court the females by following them around, making low pitched calls, and “neck wrestling” with her. Females will attack any non-welcome suitors.
Distribution: Mixed scrub woodland in eastern and southern Africa
Diet in the Wild: Grasses, leaves, flowers and tubers
Diet at Caldwell Zoo: Grain and hay
IUCN Red List Status: Least concern, population stable
The kudu has persisted in its former range better than most other large antelope species. This may be due to its secretive nature and its ability to hide and survive in areas with limited cover.
Males of this species have two large, curved horns. The horns have at least two and a half turns in them, and grow to an average length of 47.2 in (120 cm).