This bird can live in fresh or salt water. The cormorant is an excellent swimmer and diver, propelling itself with its feet. This bird forages while diving, looking for small animals to eat. The cormorant does need areas to perch and sun.
Distribution: Coasts and wetlands of Central and South America, Mexico, east Texas and Cuba
Diet in the Wild: Small fish, small amphibians, crustaceans and aquatic insects
Diet at Caldwell Zoo: Smelt and capelin
IUCN Red List Status: Least concern, population increasing
The neotropical cormorant is the only cormorant capable of both pursuit diving and plunge diving, being able to dive underwater while swimming on the water’s surface and while in flight.
Neotropical cormorants can often be found in large flocks near inland or coastal shores. These birds will create nests of sticks lined with grass or seaweed in trees and shrubs, on rocky outcrops or on seaside cliff faces.